What Is Agile Methodology and Why It’s Preferred in Project Management?

HARIPRIYA C J | March 30, 2023

What Is Agile Methodology and Why It’s Preferred in Project Management?

The Agile methodology is a method of project management that splits projects into phases. It involves continuous interaction with stakeholders and continuous improvement through each stage of software development. Whenever the work starts, teams go through a cycle of planning, execution, and evaluation. Constant collaboration with team members and project stakeholders is also essential in this project management method.

What is Agile Project Management Methodology?

It is a method of project management that entails active communication and iterative development. Agile project management is based on the idea that a project may be improved upon continually throughout its life cycle with changes being made quickly and appropriately.

Agile is one of the most popular methods to project management due to its flexibility, adaptability to change, and high level of client participation. Project management using the agile methodology involves developing projects according to 12 principles and 4 values.

The Agile Manifesto's four values are as follows:

  • Individuals and interactions over processes and tools
  • Working software over comprehensive documentation
  • Customer collaboration over contract negotiation
  • Responding to change by following a plan

The Agile process allows you to continuously adapt and develop your concept, scope, and design throughout the project since it works in ongoing sprints of project planning and execution. Agile projects necessitate an iterative methodology that allows for the incremental, frequent, and consistent delivery of useful products to your customer or client.

By using an inventive strategy, you can guarantee that your project team will regularly provide concrete items without being held up by alterations and changing specifications. Agile involves a high level of client participation and includes frequent progress reviews with both the project team and the customer.

Several frameworks can be used to execute an Agile project.

The following are some of the more well-known ones:

  • Scrum
  • Kanban
  • Extreme Programming
  • DSDM

The Agile Software Development Manifesto lists 12 Agile principles that all projects should agree to.

They are:

1. Our Top Aim Is To Satisfy the Customer by Delivering Valuable Software on Time and on Schedule.

The first principle of Agile methodology emphasizes that clients should get project deliverables or iterations at frequent intervals throughout the project's life cycle, rather than just one product delivery at the end.

2. Accept Changing Requirements, Even if They Arise Late in the Development Cycle. Agile Methods Leverage Change for the Benefit of the Customer’s Competitive Advantage.

The writers of the Manifesto discovered that accommodating last-minute modification requests was challenging using traditional project management. With the help of this principle, Agile projects are guaranteed to be able to quickly react to any changes, regardless of how last-minute they may be.

3. Deliver Working Software Often, With a Preference for Shorter Timeframes (Every Two Weeks to Two Months)

Agile projects are designed for frequent, short project deadlines that allow for a quick turnaround of workable products. Agile projects are frequently divided into one to four-week-long sprints or project intervals, each culminating in the delivery of a product.

4. The Project Requires Daily Collaboration Between Business Professionals and Developers.

According to this Agile principle, effective communication with all stakeholders is essential for the project's success. The project team and any other important stakeholders are typically present for a brief daily meeting.

5. Build Projects Around Motivated Individuals. Trust Them To Finish the Work While Providing Them With the Environment and Assistance They Require.

The correct people need to be put in the right places and given the autonomy they need to accomplish their tasks well, according to a fundamental tenet of the agile project management methodology. It is critical to create a project team based on competencies rather than employment positions or titles. Rather of micromanaging the project team, the project manager should put more of his or her energy towards inspiring and assisting them.

6. The Most Effective and Efficient Method of Communicating With and Among Members of a Development Team Is Face-to-Face Interaction.

The Agile Manifesto highlights the significance of co-locating teams and stakeholders whenever possible, as face-to-face communication is more successful than email or phone.

7. The Primary Indicator of Progress Is Functional Software.

The Agile methodology seeks to give complete, working deliverables. Every additional demand, such as project documentation, should always be subordinate to this purpose. Delivering functional products is regarded as being more significant than other metrics like hours worked or time passed.

8. Sustainable Development Is Encouraged Through Agile Methods. The Sponsors, Developers, and Consumers Should Be Able To Keep up the Pace Indefinitely.

This rule states that each iterative cycle or sprint within an Agile project should proceed at a constant speed. With regular production of usable items, this breakdown should make overtime and schedule disruption unnecessary. It should also build a repeatable cycle that the team may follow continuously.

9. Agility Is Improved When Technological Perfection and Good Design Are Continuously Prioritized.

The improvement of the final product and obtaining advancements continuously over time should be the main goals of an Agile project. Every iteration should be an improvement over the one before it, and the team should always be seeking out new ideas.

10. The Ability to Minimise the Amount of Work Required Is the Art of Simplicity, and It Is Crucial.

In order to finish the project and satisfy the specified standards, an agile project attempts to accomplish just enough work. It is best to prevent or eliminate any unnecessary paperwork, procedures, or labor that does not benefit the client or improve the project's outputs.

11. Teams That Self-organize Provide the Greatest Architectures, Specifications, and Designs.

Agile is predicated on the idea that in order to produce the best outcomes and products, you need highly motivated, independent, and talented teams. Teams should be given the authority to form and structure themselves as needed. They should be allowed to collaborate and innovate as they see appropriate, without being inhibited by excessive oversight.

12. At Regular Intervals, the Team Discusses How To Be More Effective, Then Adapts and Modifies Its Actions Accordingly.

A successful, self-driven team must put a lot of effort into developing new capabilities and procedures in order to advance and get better. The team should conduct regular reviews of their performance and outcomes, as well as talks about how to improve as they move forward.

Advantages of Agile Project Management:

Numerous companies and project types can benefit from agile project management, especially the ones listed below:

  • Any project that evolves or does not begin with a clear scope and requirements.
  • Organizations that work in a rapidly changing environment, such as technology.
  • Organizations that must collaborate closely with their customers and other external stakeholders throughout the project's life cycle.
  • Companies that priorities process and product improvement and are continually trying to innovate.
  • Projects with many interrelated activities, where the team must collaborate closely and communicate frequently. to achieve success.
  • Companies that require the development of a prototype prior to the completion of the final project conclusion.
  • Projects that demand quick feedback from stakeholders regarding each iteration of the final product before moving on to the following version or drafts.

The following are the top five advantages of using an Agile methodology:

1-Reduced Project Risk

Your team is regularly generating new versions of the product and soliciting user input early on, reducing the likelihood of a project failing.
Breaking down a huge project into iterations minimizes the likelihood of an iteration or draught failure.
Instead of identifying a major problem only during final testing just before the end delivery, you're more likely to find little issues early on that can be fixed fast.
You will have spent less time and money if you later run into issues or need to scrap the project.

2-Customer Interaction Is Maintained at All Times

Using conventional project management techniques, the customer was typically only contacted at the beginning and end of the project.
The project team was unaware until it was too late if customer expectations or requirements had not been accurately gathered at the outset or had changed.
Agile emphasis's constant communication throughout the process and iterative delivery methods to make sure your team is on track and the final product is exactly what the client needs.

3-Continuous Innovation

Agile encourages collaboration and continual improvement, both of which can lead to innovation and the development of new products and features.Team co-location and daily meetings promote brainstorming and idea generation.
Agile believes in a "idea meritocracy," in which the greatest idea wins, regardless of who comes up with it. Together, the project team, other stakeholders, and the client can decide on functionality and features.

4-Ability to Adapt

What if your customer requested a scope adjustment midway through a project? This either couldn't be accommodated or required large increases to the project's cost and schedule when managed according to typical project management methods. No matter where in the project lifecycle you are, Agile allows you to easily incorporate changes.

5-Delivery Time is Reduced

Agile uses a continuous development method to make sure your team is consistently delivering usable products. Your client receives a working version of the product at considerably more frequent intervals, often every two to four weeks, as opposed to having to wait six to twelve months or longer for the final product.


Ultimately, Agile methodology is a project management approach that emphasis's flexibility, collaboration, and continuous improvement. It enables project teams to respond quickly to changing requirements and customer needs, resulting in the delivery of high-quality products or services in a shorter period of time.
Agile project management methodology is preferred because it promotes communication, collaboration, and transparency, which leads to better decision-making and lowers the likelihood of project failure. Furthermore, Agile methodology promotes a culture of continuous learning and improvement, allowing organizations to adapt and evolve in today's volatile business environment. Project teams can achieve better results, satisfy customers, and remain competitive in a constantly changing market by embracing Agile methodology. If you have any doubts relate Agile project management methodology feel free to contact with us, We are here to helps you .

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